Effective therapeutic weapons on the pharmaceutical market. The decline in investment in the development of new antibiotic drugs to fight infections caused by multi-resistant microbes is worrying. The who has declared antimicrobial resistance one of the top 10 public health threats facing the world. Why has the resistance of bacteria to antibiotics increased? In june 2020, dr. Tedros adhanom ghebreyesus, director general of the world health organization (who) stated: "as we have collected more scientific data, we have become more aware, and with growing concern, of the rate at which antibiotics are ceasing to be effective all over the world'.
The causes of this increase in resistance are multiple. Main cause of immunity to antibiotics the main one is the excessive or unnecessary use of antimicrobials in humans, animals and plants. Some people fail to comply with treatments or practice self- medication . An example of this unnecessary use is taking antibiotics to fight viruses that cause the flu e commerce photo editing service or cold, even though it is known that they do not work for that. In addition, in our body there are millions of beneficial bacteria for our health that we are eliminating by using antibiotics unnecessarily, facilitating the appearance of opportunistic infections.
Conditions of extreme poverty another element that is influencing is the lack of access to drinking water in health centers in countries in conditions of poverty that make it difficult to prevent and control bacteria and contribute to the spread of infections resistant to antimicrobials. In fact, it has been observed that the majority of multiresistant microorganisms are initially detected in countries with limited health resources and later, with the rapid mobility of people in our time, an infected patient can be in another country in a short time, making